Medical Video: Understanding Type 2 Diabetes | Nucleus Health
Type 2 diabetes has several causes, but genetics and lifestyle are the main factors. The combination of these factors can lead to insulin immunity where the body cannot carry out insulin function as it should. Insulin resistance is a major cause of type 2 diabetes.
What is the genetics of type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is hereditary. This does not mean that you will get type 2 diabetes if your father or mother has it. But on the contrary, this means that you have a greater chance of getting the disease.
Research has shown that a group of people has a risk of a tendency towards type 2 diabetes, but it is still difficult to determine which genes carry the reduced nature of this disease. The medical community is still working hard to find out the possibility of genetic mutations that cause the risk of type 2 diabetes.
What kind of lifestyle causes type 2 diabetes?
Genes play a role in type 2 diabetes, but lifestyle is also important to note. You may have the opportunity to allow the disease to develop in your body, but if you treat and maintain your body well, you can also avoid diabetes.
Suppose there are two people experiencing the same genetic mutation. One of them has a healthy diet, keeps his cholesterol level, and keeps physically fit, while the other is obese (BMI> 25) and also lazy. People who are overweight and lazy are very likely to develop type 2 diabetes because lifestyle choices greatly affect the way your body works against insulin.
Lifestyle that can affect type 2 diabetes includes:
Rarely exercise: Physical activity has many benefits. The example above shows that even if you are susceptible to the disease, you can actually avoid type 2 diabetes if your lifestyle is healthy.
Unhealthy eating options: Foods that are filled with fat and lack of fiber (which can be obtained from grains, vegetables, and fruits) will actually increase your chances of developing type 2 diabetes.
Obesity / obesity: Lack of exercise and unhealthy food choices can cause obesity, or even worse. Being overweight actually allows the body to become resistant to insulin and cause various other diseases.
The combination of genetic inheritance and lifestyle can cause insulin resistance. Especially if your body is immune to insulin, which means that the body cannot use insulin properly.
Your body may produce enough insulin to transfer glucose into the body's cells, only unfortunately your body rejects it.
Glucose builds up in the blood when you are immune to insulin, and this can trigger symptoms associated with type 2 diabetes.
In type 2 diabetes, genetics and lifestyle play a role in causing the body to become resistant to insulin.