Medical Video: Cockroaches Health Risks
Cockroaches can be found all over the world. At present, there are more than 3,500 cockroach species roaming throughout the country. American cockroaches are bigger and black. German cockroaches are smaller and brown. While the Asian cockroaches are medium and dark brown to black. Because these insects eat a variety of foods, including rotten garbage, they are believed to be able to spread disease in humans, including salmonella and gastroenteritis. To find out more about the dangers of cockroaches to humans, let's see more below!
The danger of cockroaches for health
Not only does it make you socially embarrassed if cockroaches are scattered in your home, but cockroaches can also contribute to worsening your family's health. These insects themselves do not cause disease, but they are vectors aka carriers of millions of bacteria and infectious agents that can cause various diseases, from diarrhea to food poisoning. Here are the dangers of cockroaches for humans:
1. Food contamination
Cockroaches can live by eating anything. Apart from the food we eat, they also eat dead plants, animals, feces, glue, soap, paper, skin, and even strands of hair that fall. While they crawl at night, they contaminate open food by removing dirt on it, leaving hair, dead skin, and empty eggshells inside.
2. The proliferation of disease-causing bacteria
The danger of other cockroaches is from their saliva. When cockroaches eat, they vomit saliva and digestive juices from their own mouth to inject your food with germs or bacteria in their intestines. A study found that bacteria Pseudomonas aeruginosa can multiply extensively in cockroach intestines. This can cause several diseases such as urinary tract infections, digestive problems, and sepsis (blood poisoning).
3. Cockroach bite
Several species of cockroaches have been found to bite humans. The danger of these cockroaches is rare, but if your house is very full of these insects, you must be careful because they can bite the nails, toes and soft parts of the skin that can cause injury.
4. Attack on body parts
Cockroaches can not only attack your home, but also your body parts. There are several cases that cockroaches enter the ears and nose when you sleep. Small cockroaches can easily get into the body hole when you are in deep sleep.
5. Food poisoning
In an epidemic outbreak of food poisoning, it was found that the decline in these cases only occurred after the cockroaches were removed. This insect is also home to Salmonella bacteria which can cause typhus and food poisoning.
Cockroaches can cause allergies. Secretion of saliva and their body parts that contain hundreds of allergens can trigger unwanted reactions. You may suffer skin rashes, sneezing, eyes and runny water.
Cockroaches can be the worst enemy of people with asthma. The incidence of asthma attacks can increase if your home is full of cockroaches. Cockroach allergens can cause severe complications, and can even be life threatening. And, people who do not suffer from asthma can get asthma due to inhaling cockroach allergens.
Get to know cockroach life
Female cockroaches can produce 10-40 eggs at a time. On average, the female releases 30 eggs in her life. Young cockroaches that hatch look the same as adult cockroaches, but are smaller and without wings. Depending on the type and configuration, cockroaches can live up to 12 months. These insects are cold-blooded animals and develop in warm and humid conditions.
Cockroaches prefer to stay in the kitchen and other food preparation areas so they can eat from food spills and have access to water. Cockroach hiding place in the house, namely at:
- Wall cracks
- Limited space, such as behind a refrigerator, kitchen, or under a pile of magazines, newspapers, or cardboard
- Home furnishings are generally left uninterrupted
- Kitchen cabinets
- Under the sink
- Around a water heater
How to protect the house from the dangers of cockroaches
Some ways you can do it at home to get rid of cockroaches, namely:
- Clean the house at least once a week
- Pay special attention to the kitchen and other food preparation areas
- Clean down refrigerators, stoves, toasters and other removable equipment
- Empty the trash can regularly
- Do not store leftovers in the room
- Clean the food spill immediately
- Make sure there is no tap of dripping water, because cockroaches need water to live
- Put food in a closed container
- Repair holes, cracks, or cracks in walls, boards and cabinets.
- Don't stack newspapers, magazines, cardboard anywhere
- Use insecticide according to the rules