Medical Video: 5 Common Signs of Prostate Cancer
Cancer cells can grow anywhere in the body, for example in penile cell tissue. Although rare, it is important to know about this disease. Because some men may be at risk for this disease. Come on, find out more about the symptoms of penile cancer to watch out for so that they can be detected and treated more quickly.
Overview of penile cancer
Penile cancer results from the growth of cancer cells in the penis. This initially occurs when healthy cells in the penis grow out of control and turn into cancer cells. Cancer cells develop, forming tumors. If not treated, cancer cells can spread to other body areas, such as lymph nodes.
Some men may have a greater chance of developing this cancer. Risk factors that increase the chance of penile cancer in men, namely:
- do not maintain good personal hygiene
- 60 years or more
- become active smoker
- mutually couples in sex
- is experiencing phimosis, which is the condition of the penis foreskin (skin that covers the head of the penis and cones at its tip) can't be pulled back
Preventive actions can be carried out by avoiding habits that are at risk of disease, for example by performing circumcision. This is done to prevent the spread of the human papillomavirus (HPV) virus which can infect the penis.
There are several types of penile cancer that are common, such as:
- Squamous penile cancer, which is a cancer cell that begins to cover the surface of the penis. This type of cancer is 90% common in men
- Carcinoma in situ (CIS), which is a type of squamous cell cancer where only the cells in the skin of the penis are affected and have not spread deeper
- Adenocarcinoma, which is a cancer cell that starts in the glandular cells of the penis that produces sweat
- Penile melanoma, which is a cancer cell that develops in skin cells that give color to the skin of the penis
Symptoms of penile cancer
Reporting from the NHS, penile cancer sometimes does not cause symptoms, or signs that appear will be similar to other health conditions. So, sometimes penile cancer is difficult to detect from the start. But there are some common symptoms of penile cancer.
The following three common symptoms of penile cancer include:
1. The occurrence of pchanges in skin color
Symptoms of penile cancer are the earliest conditions to occur. This is because cancer cells occur in the head or shaft of the penis. Possible skin discoloration can also be followed by the appearance of several conditions on the penis, such as:
- the area of the skin becomes thicker
- a bluish or crusty lump or wound
- bleeding from the penis or the lower part of the foreskin
- a reddish rash occurs
- The foreskin secretes a foul-smelling liquid
- phimosis occurs
The wound or lump that appears on the penis is usually not painful but in some cases men feel pain, such as feeling hot and itchy on the penis. Usually these symptoms don't improve or don't heal within four weeks.
2. Lumps under the skin in the groin area
Swelling of the penile scalp can be another sign of penile cancer. If the cancer cell has spread to the lymph nodes in the groin, it will cause swelling in the area. If this happens, you can feel a lump below the surface of the skin in the groin area.
But swelling of the lymph nodes does not always indicate that the cancer cell has spread. This can also mean that the lymph nodes are responding to an infection in the area around the gland. So swelling can occur even though the cancer cells have not spread to the gland.
It is important to always keep the intimate area clean and also adopt a healthy lifestyle to prevent various diseases, including penile cancer. If the symptoms appear, don't wait or delay the condition getting worse. This can affect the disease and make it difficult to treat the disease.
3. Smell and liquid appear
In some cases, a cancerous penis will produce unpleasant liquid and odor. In addition, the trunk to the head of the penis will usually feel itchy, a sensation of heat, irritation, and bleeding occurs.
If you experience one or more of the symptoms of penile cancer that have been mentioned, you should immediately consult a doctor.