Medical Video: Sore Throat | How To Get Rid Of A Sore Throat (2019)
Sore throat is one of the complaints often experienced by children. The causes also vary. One of them can be caused by infection from bacteria or viruses. However, in fact a sore throat in children can be a sign of kidney disease.
The appearance of a sore throat in a child can be caused by a bacterial infectionBeta hemolytic Streptococcus group A. If left with this bacterial infection it can cause kidney disease called Post Streptococcal Acute Glomerulonephritis (GNAPS).
So, how dangerous is this disease? How can a sore throat become kidney disease?
GNAPS, inflammation of the kidneys that starts from a sore throat
Post-Streptococcal Acute Glomerulonephritis (GNAPS) is inflammation of the kidneys, especially the glomerulus due to bacterial infection Beta hemolytic Streptococcus group A.
A common feature of this disease is that urine contains red blood cells so that they are reddish (hematuria), swollen, blood pressure rises, and the amount of urine decreases. Meanwhile, children who have GNAPS don't even urinate at all and swollen on their eyelids.
When it is severe, seizures and decreased consciousness can occur.
How can a sore throat in a child become GNAPS?
This disease occurs after a bacterial infection Beta hemolytic Streptococcus group A in the upper airway (eg infection of the throat) and skin. However, not all infections from this bacterium must result in GNAPS. Only in a few cases can this cause severe complications.
Experts believe that this is affected by different immune responses, so that it can trigger this condition. In people with GNAPS, the ability of the kidneys to filter blood is disturbed, making it build up fluid in several parts of the body.
What are the treatments for GNAPS?
Most cases that are not severe enough, children who experience this condition only need to be outpatient and apply the prescribed dietary principles. Treatment is aimed at monitoring the patient's edema and high blood pressure.
In addition, doctors will also give antibiotics so that the bacteria that cause infection do not develop and spread to other parts. Children with this condition are also encouraged to avoid foods that contain excess salt and sodium, because it will only exacerbate fluid buildup (edema) in the body.
To know what the right treatment for your child is like, immediately consult your pediatrician.
How dangerous is GNAPS?
This disease can heal within 1-2 weeks if there are no complications. In general, GNAPS disease is characterized by an acute phase that lasts 1-2 weeks, followed by slow disappearance of symptoms, such as microscopic hematuria (red blood cells in urine) and proteinuria (protein in urine) within 1-12 months.
As many as 85-95 percent of cases of children with GNAPS are fully cured, only 5-10 percent experience complications. Although it can be completely cured, this disease that originally originated from a sore throat can cause death in children. Especially if the infection causes kidney failure.
So, do not underestimate the symptoms of sore throats in children, especially if these conditions never heal in some time.