Medical Video: How Teeth Grow
As you already know, there are two types of teeth, namely milk teeth and permanent teeth. Although the milk teeth only appear briefly and are then replaced with permanent teeth. However, the baby's teeth are no less important than permanent teeth. Dental health must be maintained since the teeth appear, even if only the baby's teeth. But, do you know the difference between milk teeth and permanent teeth?
Difference between milk teeth and permanent teeth
1. Number and composition of teeth
The most obvious difference between baby teeth and adult teeth is the number and composition of teeth. Permanent teeth have more numbers than milk teeth. Milk teeth in children amounted to 20 teeth, consisting of 4 front incisors, 4 side incisors, 4 canines, and 8 molars. Meanwhile, 32 permanent teeth consist of 8 incisors, 4 canines, 8 front molars, and 12 rear molars.
2. Shape and structure of teeth
Judging from its size, milk teeth are certainly different from permanent teeth. Usually permanent teeth are bigger than the baby's teeth. In addition, the newly developed front permanent teeth usually also have mammelon, which is a small bulge in the teeth that can eventually disappear on its own.
Roots in teeth are also different. Milk teeth have shorter and thinner roots than permanent teeth. This makes the teeth in infants easier to date compared to permanent teeth in adults. In addition, short roots also aim to provide more space for permanent teeth to develop before the time appears. This short root can also be lost when the teeth are dated and replaced with permanent teeth.
3. Enamel and dentin milk teeth are thinner
Because milk teeth enamel is thinner than permanent teeth, it's no wonder baby teeth have whiter colors than permanent teeth in general. However, thinner enamel and dentine make baby's teeth easier to damage or cavities.
If the milk teeth are just a little hollow, then the development is faster to the nerve teeth. This makes teeth in babies more vulnerable to damage. So, it is strongly recommended that dental health be maintained from childhood even when the teeth begin to grow. Unfortunately, there are still many parents who have not realized the importance of the health of their child's teeth since the teeth appeared.
Tips for maintaining dental health since childhood
From the explanation above, it can be seen that baby's dental health is no less important than permanent teeth. Even though the baby's teeth will eventually date and be replaced with permanent teeth. In fact, milk teeth health can actually determine permanent tooth growth as well. So, it's good to have dental health has begun to be noticed early.
Some tips for treating teeth to avoid cavities since childhood are:
- Don't make it a habit for small children to drink milk while lying down. This habit can increase the risk of cavities in children.
- Get used to brushing your teeth regularly twice a day, namely in the morning and before going to bed.
- Perform routine dental checks. Actually, dental examinations are needed when a child is one year old.
- Take care of your food. Don't eat sweet and sour foods too often. And, multiply vegetables and fruits that contain lots of vitamins and minerals to maintain the health of your gums.