Medical Video: Understanding Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes has many trigger factors, most of which are related to lifestyle problems. Type 2 diabetes will appear when glucose is needed by the body to produce energy, accumulate in the blood and cannot be used by cells. This occurs when the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin for the body or the body cannot use insulin properly, thus triggering insulin resistance.
Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body is unable to use insulin produced in your own body. Your body may be able to produce enough insulin to process glucose into cells, but the body rejects insulin. The result, glucose will accumulate in the blood and cause symptoms related to type 2 diabetes.
Insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes
In addition to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes, genetic disorders are also certain to be the cause of the development of type 2 diabetes. In a list of similar diseases, some people with type 2 diabetes are both unable to produce enough insulin which is also influenced by genetic disorders.
That is, not everyone can get type 2 diabetes. In addition, not all people who have a genetic disorder will be affected by type 2 diabetes. These risk factors and lifestyle choices that trigger disease.
Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include:
Family history: Type 2 diabetes is a hereditary disease, meaning it can be inherited. If there is a member of your family who has (ever) suffered, you have a greater chance of developing this disease.
Race / ethnicity: Certain ethnic groups have a big chance of the threat of type 2 diabetes, including African-American, Hispanic, Native American, and Asian races.
There is a quite interesting phenomenon that shows that certain countries are now westernized, especially lifestyle and food choices that are more "American", so that the ranking of type 2 diabetes has increased. For example, China had become the country with the lowest diabetes rating. Along with the development of the country's progress (many people work in the office rather than working in the fields), the diet of the people begins to change, and type 2 diabetes also increases.
The American lifestyle is very conducive to the development of type 2 diabetes due to lack of physical activity, consuming more calories, eating large portions than they should, and being overweight (BMI> 25). It is precisely the non-white race groups (not Caucasians) who are vulnerable to type 2 diabetes, but the risk will be higher if they settle in America.
Age: Getting older, the more risk you get type 2 diabetes. Entering the age of 45, your risk starts to rise, and after age 65, your risk will increase exponentially (multiplying).
Gestational Diabetes: If you have diabetes during pregnancy, you have a greater chance of developing type 2 diabetes later on.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS): Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) also increases the risk of type 2 diabetes because it is associated with insulin resistance. In the case of PCOS, cysts form inside the ovary, and one cause is insulin resistance. If you have PCOS, it means you may have insulin resistance and therefore you have the chance to develop type 2 diabetes.