Medical Video: Why is too much salt bad for you?
Salty food is one of the restrictions for people who have high blood pressure (hypertension). In healthy people, the salt content in food if consumed too much will cause hypertension. For this reason, its use must be limited. However, in people who do not like salty food, hypertension can also occur. How come? Consider the following review.
Salty food can be one of the causes of hypertension
Salt is one of the minerals needed by the body. Everyone's salt needs are different based on his age. For adults, daily salt intake is 1,500 mg. People who consume more salt than this dose in the long run are at risk of developing hypertension.
Reporting from Harvard Health Publishing, the work process of salt in the body and its relation to blood pressure have not been known by researchers. However, they concluded that the salt content in salty foods has an important influence on blood pressure, which is related to nerves, hormones, and blood vessels.
The body is actually able to remove excess salt contained in food. However, if the body continues to be supplied with excessive salt, the salt will increase blood volume which triggers the kidneys to reduce hormones and blood vessels will increase blood pressure.
People who like salty food, are usually more susceptible to high blood pressure. Because the salt content in the body is excessive. Therefore, a balanced healthy diet also includes reducing the use of salt in food is strongly recommended to be taken as a preventive measure.
People who don't like salty food, are still at risk of hypertension if ...
It's wrong if you think, people who don't like salty foods will avoid hypertension. People who don't like salty food are not necessarily good patterns of life. For example if you smoke and consume alcohol, this habit can also increase the risk of hypertension.
Apart from these habits, there are other things that can increase the risk of hypertension in people who do not like salty food, such as:
- Excess weight (obesity)
- Lack of exercise
- Eating high-fat foods
- Women taking birth control pills
In addition, people with chronic kidney disease or sleep apnea, are pregnant, and are old are also at risk of developing hypertension even though they do not like salty food.
Hypertension can be fatal
Over time, an unhealthy lifestyle can cause high blood pressure. This condition can narrow blood vessels so that blood flow and oxygen decrease. The heart must work harder to pump blood throughout the body.
Therefore, the heart muscle is thickened, but unfortunately weak. This has the potential to cause heart attacks, strokes, or heart failure. Hypertension also causes extra pressure on the kidney filtering unit. This disrupts the ability of the kidneys to regulate fluids so that it can potentially cause kidney disease or kidney failure.
Many potential diseases that can occur due to hypertension. Even if you don't like salty food, the possibility of hypertension persists. For that, you still have to apply a healthy lifestyle and routinely check blood pressure and other body health.