Medical Video: Why does breast milk provide the best nutrition for babies?
There are many types of milk sold in the market. Starting from fresh cow's milk, powdered milk, UHT milk, skim milk, sweetened thick "milk", and much more. Now of all types of milk, where is the best milk for children?
Although both from cows, not all types of milk are the same
Although originating from the same source, not all cow's milk has the same content and intended use. In fact, some types of milk may not even be given to children who are still in the growth stage, because the nutritional content is very small.
For that, you need to recognize the types of milk that are commonly on the market like the following.
1. Whole milk
Milk whole milk contains at least 3.25% milk fat and 8.25% not solid fat. At least 50% of the calorie intake from this milk comes from fat.
2. Low-fat milk
From the name it has been seen that this type of milk contains less fat than milkwhole milk. Low-fat milk contains 0.5-1.5% milk fat and can provide 23% of calories from fat for your body.
3. Skim milk (nonfat milk)
Although claimed to be nonfat or fat-free milk, in fact skim milk still contains fat even though the amount is very small.
The process of making skim milk involves removing as much fat as possible so that it leaves no more than 0.5% milk fat. The fat in skim milk only accounts for 5% of calories, while the total calories it has are only about half of total calories whole milk.
4. Evaporation milk
Evaporated milk is made by removing about 60% of the water in milk. The milk is then homogenized, enriched with vitamin D and vitamin A. Evaporation milk is available in the form whole milk, low fat milk, and skim milk.
5. Sweet condensed milk
Sweetened condensed milk (SKM) is milk through the process of condensation to eliminate half the volume of the liquid to become thick. Sweetened condensed milk is intentionally added in large amounts of sugar which functions as a preservative. In addition, SKM generally has a low protein content.
6. UHT milk (ultra high temperature)
UHT milk is processed at very high temperatures to kill various foreign microorganisms in milk and extend shelf life.
7. Milk powder
Powdered milk is made by steaming liquid milk so that the water content is completely gone and becomes powder granules. In one tablespoon of nonfat milk powder generally contains 27 calories, 94 mg of calcium, vitamin A, and vitamin D.
After seeing all kinds of milk available on the market, don't choose milk for children anymore. Remember, milk has an important role in its growth and development. Therefore, it is important for you to choose milk that contains enough nutrients.
Then, where is the best milk for children?
Choose milk growth (usually in the form of formula milk powder) which is specifically for children, according to age. This growth milk is intentionally designed to help fulfill the nutrition needed by children. No wonder if this milk also contains a lot of protein, fat, vitamins, and minerals that are needed by children.
What about UHT milk and sweetened condensed milk? Not not at all, but it's best not too often. For young children who are in their infancy, especially toddlers, UHT and SKM milk is still insufficient to meet their nutritional needs. Both milk actually contains more sugar than its important nutrients.
Adjust also to the condition of the child. Some children may be suitable for any type of milk and some other children may not be suitable given cow milk based formula. Well, for children who can't drink cow's milk, you can give them soy milk or milk that contains a little cow's milk protein.