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The collarbone is the part of the bone that connects the sternum to the shoulder (the clavicle bone). Around the collarbone there are many nerves and blood vessels, so some health problems and injuries can damage the collarbone. Collarbone pain can indicate a serious health problem and requires immediate help.
Various causes of sore collarbone
1. Joint injury
One of the injuries that causes the collarbone to hurt is the tear of the acromioclavicular (AC) joint which is located at the top of the shoulder blade (the bone that connects the upper arm with the collarbone). An AC joint tear marks a tear in the ligament that helps stabilize itself and helps maintain bone.
This injury usually occurs when you fall hard enough or hit a shoulder. Mild tearing can cause pain, while in severe cases the collarbone may look out of alignment. In addition, you can also see a bulge around the shoulder.
Osteoarthritis is a joint calcification disease that makes it feel painful and stiff. This condition occurs when the protective tissue at the end of the bone is damaged. Usually joint calcification occurs with age. However, some cases of osteoarthritis are caused by injury.
Symptoms of osteoarthritis in collarbone include:
- The pain of bones on the collarbone is increasing every day.
- The joints are stiff and also hurt.
3. Thoratic outlet syndrome
The third cause of sore collarbone is the result of thoratic outlet syndrome. This condition causes the collarbone to shift from its normal position and suppresses the blood vessels and nerves located between the bone and the highest rib. Common causes of this health problem include:
- Poor posture.
- Weak shoulder muscles.
- Repeated pressure such as lifting heavy items repeatedly.
- Birth defects.
The symptoms of thoratic outlet syndrome vary depending on which nerves or blood vessels affect the collarbone. Some symptoms include:
- Pain in the collarbone, shoulders, neck or hands.
- Tingling or numbness in the arms and fingers.
- The ability of the hand to hold weak.
- The arms are painful and also swelling which indicates blood clots.
- The presence of a painful lump in the collarbone.
- Discoloration in the hand or finger.
1. Cracks and fractures
Collarbone is part of the bone that is prone to cracking and even broken. The location of the shoulder joint can cause the collarbone to crack or break easily when the shoulder is hit by a hard object and falls.
The pain in the collarbone gets worse when you try to get up and move your shoulders. Other symptoms when the collarbone is broken or cracked are:
- Pain and feel warm to the touch
- Bruised in the area of the collarbone
- Arms feel stiff
- The shape of the bone becomes bent
- There is a sensation of "crack" when touched
5. Distal clavicular osteolysis
This condition describes a mild fracture that occurs at the end of the collarbone or the part closest to the shoulder. Although mild, if left unchecked the condition will get worse and cause pain and swelling. Other symptoms that accompany this bone problem are:
- Pain and pain around the collarbone and shoulders.
- Pain in the body as a whole when moving the arm.
- Pain when lifting objects above your head.
- Swelling around the tip of the shoulder.
6. Wrong sleeping position
The wrong sleeping position is one of the common causes of collarbone pain in most people. This condition occurs when a person sleeps in the same position for a long time and exerts excessive pressure on one side of the collarbone.
In addition to the collarbone, you will also feel pain in the neck and back. Usually the pain does not last long and will subside during the day. For that, try to change your sleeping position when you wake up to reduce the risk of collarbone pain.
Osteomyelitis is a bone infection that can make the collarbone hurt. However, this condition is rare and rare. The causes of osteomyelitis are:
- Bacterial infections such as sepsis or pneumonia.
- Infection that occurs due to a fractured collarbone piercing the skin.
- Infection caused by an open wound near the collarbone.
In addition to pain in the collarbone and its surroundings, other symptoms are generally felt such as:
- Swelling and warmth on the infected part.
- Pus coming out in the infected area.
Cancer is one of the causes of collarbone pain. But like osteomyelitis, this case is rare.
If the cause of pain in the collarbone is due to cancer, the sign is that the cancer cell has spread to the bones and surrounding lymph nodes. So this condition can cause pain and swelling in the upper part of the collarbone, under the arm, and also the neck.
Neuroblastoma is one type of cancer that can spread to lymph nodes and bones. In addition to pain, other accompanying symptoms include:
- High blood pressure.
- Heart rate faster than usual.
- Sweating even if it's not hot.
After knowing the various causes of pain in the collarbone, it's a good idea not to underestimate this pain if you experience it. The faster the doctor detects the cause, the greater your chances of preventing the severity of the disease.