Get to know 5 different types of patches and different functions


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Many people choose to use patches or patches to minimize the side effects of oral or injection treatment. Well, if all this time people only know patches as a medicine for muscle aches and pains, it turns out the patch has a variety of types that are tailored to their uses, you know! See an explanation of the types of patches and their uses in this article.

Is that patch?

The koyo or medical language is called transdermal patch is a type of external drug that is placed on the surface of the patient's skin to help treat certain medical problems. Koyo is made from a variety of medicinal chemicals that are designed so that the drug can seep into the skin. The drug content is absorbed through the outer layer of the skin and then goes into the deeper layers of the skin. In the deepest layer of skin the drug is absorbed into the bloodstream which is then circulated through the body.

Some Indonesian people generally only know the type of patch to eliminate aches, muscle aches, or joints in the body. Even though the patch type varies. In the medical world, doctors use patches to treat certain medical conditions, if it is not possible to give oral or injection drugs to patients.

According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, patches can help prevent side effects such as gastrointestinal disorders - the digestive system, and internal bleeding that sometimes results from taking pills.

Get to know the types of patches and their uses

Here are some types of patches in the medical world and their uses:

1. Topical analgesics

Various drugs over-the-counter (OTC) available on the market to relieve pain in a number of conditions. Generally, people know this type of patch to deal with aches and injuries to bones and muscles. How this patch works by carrying anti-inflammatory drugs (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs/ NSAID) directly to the affected area. Thus, anti-inflammatory effects can be felt immediately without affecting other organs.

2. Nicotine patch

Nicotine patch is a patch that is used to help people stop smoking. The chemicals in these patches give a slow and stable amount of nicotine to the bloodstream, preventing patients from smoking cigarettes. The purpose of this treatment is to make patients stop using nicotine altogether.

Some people who try to stop smoking using nicotine patches claim to feel a friendlier treatment than having to consume gum or lozenges.

3. Patch nitroglycerin

This type of patch is used by people who experience angina, which is chest pain caused by narrowing of blood vessels in the heart (coronary artery disease). Well, the function of the nitroglycerin patch is to relax the blood vessels so that the heart gets more blood and more oxygen. Nitroglycerin patch can prevent angina pain, but is not used to treat chest pain. This patch is usually used for 12-14 hours a day.

4. Fentanyl patch

Fentanyl patch it is a patch that contains strong narcotics and is only used to treat chronic pain. This patch works through the central nervous system to provide long-term pain relief. Because it contains strong narcotics, fentanyl can be addictive. That is why, treatment using patches is only available with a doctor's prescription that must be continuously monitored in its use.

5. Lidocaine patch

According to the American Cancer Society, lidocaine patches is a type of local anesthetic patch that is usually used by doctors to treat tingling and stinging pain such as burning. For example, pain that you might experience if you experience a nervous condition that has inflammation or commonly referred to as a rash. Before using this type of patch, things to watch out for are lindocaine patch can interact with other drugs, especially if you are currently taking heart medications. Not only that, pregnant women should also avoid using this type of patch.

Get to know 5 different types of patches and different functions
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