Medical Video: How to Find a Vein When Starting Ivs or Drawing Blood Tips in the Arm
IV or intravenous is a method of administering drugs through intravenous injection or infusion. Actually, intravenous itself means 'in veins'. So the drug will be inserted directly into the vein using a needle or tube called the IV catheter. This intravenous injection procedure must be performed by a professional medical expert.
When do you need intravenous injection methods?
The method of intravenous injection is medical action that must be carried out by and under the supervision of a professional medical expert. Usually, this method of intravenous injection is done in a hospital to treat patients who need control over the dosage of the drug. The method of intravenous injection can also accelerate the absorption of drugs for patients. An example is in patients with heart attacks, strokes, or poisoning.
Intravenous injection will be carried out when the patient needs to get medication whose dose must be slowly entered into the body. Valves and hoses used in the method of intravenous injection will make medical personnel easily adjust the dosage and time specified so that the drug can be absorbed properly.
The most common type of intravenous
Usually the standard type of intravenous will be used in the short term or at most 4 days. Standard intravenous injection using only a needle will be inserted into a vein in the wrist, elbow or back of the hand. The catheter will then be inserted to replace the needle.
A standard intravenous catheter is usually used for the two types of IV methods below:
- Intravenous injection, use ordinary syringes to inject drugs into the catheter. Used to give medicines to blood vessels in just one dose.
- Intravenous Infusion, used to give medicines to blood vessels constantly but little by little, consisting of infusion pumps and drops of infusion.
Generally, this type of intravenous standard is given in cases of hospitalization, surgery, for painkillers, nausea, or antibiotics.
Long-term intravenous use
If the method of intravenous injection is used for the long term as in chemotherapy patients, usually medical personnel will prefer to use Central venous catheter (CVC) compared to standard IV. CVC is usually inserted through a vein in the neck, arm, or groin area.
So, the catheter or drug entry will be made first at the beginning of the treatment and will not be released until the treatment is complete. CVC can be used for a longer period of time, ranging from a few weeks to several months.
The three main types of CVC:
- Peripherally central catheter inserted (PICC) - inserted into the elbow on the upper arm directly into the blood vessels.
- Tunneled catheter - a catheter is placed on a vein in the neck or heart during a short surgical procedure.
- Implanted port - implanted or implanted under the skin in a vein in the neck or chest, usually used during surgery.
To find out which type of intravenous you need, you should consult this with your doctor.
Side effects of using intravenously
Although this action is quite safe, but the side effects that may arise from intravenous use are:
- Infection at the injection site.
- Damages blood vessels at the injection site.
- Air embolism (formation of air bubbles in the heart and lungs which can inhibit blood flow.
- Blood clots.
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