Medical Video: Tim Tebow Explains How The Keto Diet Breaks Down Fat
Ever heard of the term ketogenic diet? A diet that is also often referred to as the keto diet is classified as a fairly extreme diet and promoted as a diet that only takes a short time. However, is the keto diet safe or dangerous?
What is the ketogenic diet?
The keto diet is a diet that applies a low carbohydrate and high fat diet. If the consumption of normal fat is around 20-30%, the ketogenic diet recommends fat intake of 60-70%.
Some who support this method say the ketogenic diet can lose weight in a short time and provide more energy. But on the other hand, those who disagree say that this method is an unhealthy way to lose weight.
Why is it called keto?
The keto diet is a diet that limits carbohydrate consumption strictly, with the aim of making the body fall in a state of ketosis. Under normal circumstances, ketosis occurs when a person does not consume carbo or consumes very little carbohydrate. Lack of carbohydrates makes glucose levels drop in the body, so the body begins to break down fat as an energy source. This makes the breakdown of fat called ketones accumulate in the body.
Ketosis is actually a mild form of ketoacidosis. Ketoacidosis usually attacks patients type 1 diabetes, and is the leading cause of death in diabetics under the age of 24 years. However, despite this fact, some experts say that the state of ketosis is not dangerous. Some studies even say that the ketogenic diet can be said to be safe for obese people or overweight people.
Benefits of the ketogenic diet
The keto diet was first introduced by Dr. Gianfranco Cappello, a professor from Sapienza University in Italy. In their study, more than 19,000 keto diet participants experienced rapid weight loss with minimal side effects. In addition, most participants also did not experience significant weight gain after one year.
According to his research report, the average participant experienced a weight loss of 10.2 kg after 2.5 cycles of the ketogenic diet. Capello concluded that this diet method is a good way to lose weight in obese people with side effects such as minimal fatigue.
Rudy Mawer, a nutritionist in the field of sports, added that there are many advantages to this method. One of them is fast results. In addition, the ketogenic diet has a simple concept that is by eliminating one class of food (carbohydrates), making everyone easy to understand. This diet also makes a person feel full even though eating foods with fewer calories.
On the other hand, Bette Klein, a nutritionist at the Cleveland Clinic Children's Hospital, uses this method to relieve symptoms of epilepsy in children. He stated that this diet was effectively applied to children who could not be treated with two types of anti-epilepsy drugs. About 50% of children on this diet experience a decrease in the frequency of seizures. However, until now it is not known exactly what caused this to happen.
Lack of keto diet
Lisa Cimperman, a nutritionist from Cleveland, disagrees with this type of diet. He explained that the weight that decreases when a person goes on the ketogenic diet is the weight of water in the body. When the body enters ketosis, a person will immediately lose muscle mass and become very fatigued.
In short, in this phase, someone will enter the phase of hunger. And when someone is in the hunger phase, then that person tends to be more difficult to lose weight
Other nutritionists say that this diet must be tightly controlled by medical personnel and should only be done in a short time. According to him, this method should only be done in extreme cases and gives more losses than benefits if applied to most populations. The ketogenic diet can damage muscles, including the heart muscle. He argues that there are many other dietary methods that are more beneficial.
Don't be obsessed with numbers on the scales
In the end, there is no instant way to lose weight healthy. When you apply a particular diet program, then ask the following three things: Is the method good for the long term? Does the method involve sports? Are these methods good for your health in the future?
If the answer is no, then you must be careful. In essence, love your body by eating nutritious foods and doing physical activities such as running, jogging, or cycling. Remember, there is nothing instant about a healthy diet.